Winters brings all the cozy stuff such as furry socks for your feet, warm scarves for your neck, woollen gloves for your hands to protect from the chill and dryness. Your wardrobe and environment around are not the only things that need to be adjusted when it comes to winters. Chill in the environment affects your skin as well as eyes.
Dryness in eyes is caused by low humidity of indoor air because we prefer to stay indoors with doors and windows shut. Low humidity levels in the air cause tear film to evaporate faster which leads to dry eyes. In winters, due to indoor heating, humidity levels drop to significantly lower levels than the desired levels required to keep the eyes lubricated. Our eyes require tear film to coat the eye surface to keep it hydrated. This tear film is made of three layers which work together to keep the eye-surface nourished and lubricated. Evaporation of these layers because of environmental conditions causes symptoms of dry eyes. Read more about different causes of dry eyes.
Dryness in eyes can also cause excessive tear formation which causes blurry vision. Lacrimal glands produce excessive tears in response to the irritation or inflammation caused by external environmental factors. Excess tears are usually caused by dry eyes, allergies, infections or irritants from the environment.
Redness in Eyes
Dust, pollution or smoke from the air if gets into eyes causes irritation, redness or inflammation in the eyes. These symptoms are further exacerbated by the dryness in the caused by the cold environment.
Dryness in eyes also leads to burning sensation in your eyes. Chilly winds and smog cause burning sensation in the eyes. Eye allergy and infections can also cause burning in the eyes. Anything that cause inflammation can create a burning sensation in the eyes.
It is difficult to avoid dry eyes completely during winter season, but there are certain measures which can be taken to ensure that your eyes stay lubricated and healthy:
Humidify your room
Use humidifiers in your room if you use room heaters to keep you room warm. Humidifiers will ensure the humidity levels high enough to keep the eyes hydrate and prevent quick evaporation of tear film.
Winter season suppresses our thirst but we need to keep our self hydrated to prevent dryness in our skin and eyes. Keep sipping water through the day to stay hydrated.
Warm soups are nutritious way to ensure that your body stays hydrated. Even milk dehydration can significantly impact the watery content of our eyes. Therefore, it is important to keep the intake of fluid-rich food source to prevent dehydration which impacts eyes also.
Dry air of the environment causes inflammation of the tear glands which impacts the quality of tears. Quality of tears impacts tear film thereby causing dryness and inflammation. Take food rich in omega 3 fatty acids such as oil-rich fish, fish oil, nuts, plus fortified foods like eggs, bread and fruit juices. Omega 3 fatty acids prevent dry eyes and other eye conditions. Read more about food sources that promote eye health.
Lubricating Eye Drops
Lubricating eye drops help keep your eye-surface moisturized and prevent dryness and eventual symptoms. You can carry them along at work and use 2-3 times a day to keep your eyes hydrated. In addition to hydration, they also refresh tired and strained eyes caused by long exposure to digital screens. EyeSpa, lubricating eye drops, is one of the best eye drops for dry eyes available in the market which keep your eyes healthy.
This winter season, keep warm and take care of your eyes with these simple measures.