You are alive until your body keeps functioning. Body works unstoppable every second of the day, performing many functions simultaneously.Chemical compounds, many of which are created in our bodies through chemical reactions to carry out these processes. And many of which the body does not create but we consume food to get essential nutrients.
What is a Nutrient?
When we consume food, drink water or any liquid, we are gain different types of nutrients that it contains. Nutrients are beneficial for our different body systems and functions. Nutrients play a super important role in metabolism, keeping you healthy and strong. The World Health Organization defines nutrient as a substance required by the body for survival, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is the key to metabolism. Metabolism depends upon nutrients that they break down in order to produce energy. This energy in turn is required by the body to synthesize molecules like new proteins and nucleic acids called DNA/RNA.
Nutrients are divided into two types; macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients include protein, carbohydrates, fats, and water whereas Micronutrients include vitamins and minerals like Vitamin A, C, D, E and minerals like magnesium, iron, calcium etc.
Macronutrients are consumed in large quantities, and are vital for your body. Four major macronutrients are protein, carbohydrates, fats and water.
Micronutrients are smaller than macronutrients. Nevertheless, they’re equally important, and deficiencies in certain micronutrients can lead to many health problems. There are two main types of micronutrients: vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins and Minerals
There are many vitamins, where 13 are essential vitamins. Each one has its own unique functions for supporting bodily functions. Many vitamins are antioxidants, meaning that they help in fighting with free radicals. There are different roles of different substances like Vitamin K plays an important role in building strong bones, while Vitamin D helps with absorption of calcium. Vitamin C is crucial for your circulatory system, skin health and immune system. You can learn more about Vitamin C here.
Minerals are important for your bone structure, nervous system, digestion, and even your heart. Minerals can be further divided into two subcategories: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals those minerals that are needed in larger quantities like. calcium to regulate bone health, and also requires a lot of sodium and potassium to help your heart pump, your muscles move, and your nervous system function. Trace minerals are needed in minimal quantities, but are equally crucial for example, iron to transport oxygen to all your cells.
What are B Vitamins?
You’re probably familiar with Vitamin B complex or Vitamin B12, but did you know what what B complex is or how many vitamin B’s are there, what are the functions of each vitamin? There are actually eight B vitamins, they are; B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12. Please note all vitamin B are water-soluble.
B1 (thiamin) Helps the body to use carbohydrates as fuel. It is required for glucose metabolism and plays an important role in nerve, muscle, and heart function.
B2 (riboflavin) It is required for the breakdown of food components, the absorption of other nutrients and for the maintenance of the tissues.
B3 (niacin) It plays a role in converting the food we eat into energy. It helps the body to use proteins and fats, and it keeps the skin, hair, and nervous system healthy.
B5 (pantothenic acid) It aids in the production of energy by breaking down fats and carbohydrates. It promotes good skin, hair , eye health and liver function.
B6 (pyridoxine) Its roles include turning food into energy and helping to create neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, the happy hormones.
B7 (biotin): Also known as vitamin H or Biotin helps the body metabolize fats, carbohydrates, and protein. Water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body, so daily intake is necessary. Tuskca Biotin is a Biotin supplement powered by zinc, selenium and amino acids for extra long hair, supple skin and strong nails. The human cells cannot synthesize vitamin B7.
B9 (folate [folic acid]) Folate is an essential B vitamin necessary for producing red and white blood cells in bone marrow, producing DNA and RNA, and transforming carbohydrates into energy. Sources and studies say having an adequate amount of folate is especially important during periods of rapid growth, such as pregnancy, infancy, and adolescence.
B12 (cobalamin) Vitamin B12 is an important B vitamin. It is crucial for nerve tissue health, brain function, and the production of red blood cells. Cobalamin is another name for vitamin B12.
What About Multivitamins?
As the name suggests, multivitamins mean a combination of multiple vitamins and minerals that are essential for the human body. A diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, good protein packages, and healthful fats should provide most of the nutrients needed for good health. However, not everyone is able to maintain a balanced and nutritious diet all the time. At the same time, today’s food quality is a challenge. Here, vitamin and mineral supplements come to the rescue. You can benefit from good quality multivitamin supplements. Lifezen’s Tuskca Multivitamin is a safe and trusted multivitamin supplement constituting 27 essential nutrients.